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Ethiopia personals

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Ethiopia personals

Entrepreneurship + in Ethiopia. Die Recherchen und Auswertungen der wissenschaftlichen Forschungsarbeit unserer Partnerorganisation. "Excellent end to my Ethiopia " Under the California Consumer Privacy Act (“​CCPA”), a “sale” of personal information may occur when personal information is​. der Altenpflege;; Grenzarbeiter;; Personal zum Transport von Gütern YeMez Building, Behind Zequala Building, Addis Ababa Ethiopia.

Ethiopia Personals Video

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Ethiopia also has the 5th largest inventory of cattle. Recent development of the floriculture sector means Ethiopia is poised to become one of the top flower and plant exporters in the world.

Cross-border trade by pastoralists is often informal and beyond state control and regulation. This trade helps lower food prices, increase food security, relieve border tensions, and promote regional integration.

Furthermore, the government of Ethiopia is purportedly unhappy with lost tax revenue and foreign exchange revenues. With the private sector growing slowly, designer leather products like bags are becoming a big export business, with Taytu becoming the first luxury designer label in the country.

With the construction of various new dams and growing hydroelectric power projects around the country, Ethiopia also plans to export electric power to its neighbors.

Most regard Ethiopia's large water resources and potential as its "white oil" and its coffee resources as "black gold".

The country also has large mineral resources and oil potential in some of the less inhabited regions. Political instability in those regions, however, has inhibited development.

Ethiopian geologists were implicated in a major gold swindle in Four chemists and geologists from the Ethiopian Geological Survey were arrested in connection with a fake gold scandal, following complaints from buyers in South Africa.

In , the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam project was commenced. When completed, it will provide surplus energy in Ethiopia which will be available for export to neighboring countries.

It is not clear, when this section will be built and opened. As the first part of a ten-year Road Sector Development Program, between and the Ethiopian government began a sustained effort to improve its infrastructure of roads.

Ethiopia had 58 airports as of [update] , [13] and 61 as of [update]. Ethiopian Airlines is the country's flag carrier , and is wholly owned by the Government of Ethiopia.

Ethiopia's total population has grown from Currently, the population growth rate is among the top ten countries in the world. The country's population is highly diverse, containing over 80 different ethnic groups.

According to the Ethiopian national census of , the Oromo are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, at The Amhara represent Other prominent ethnic groups are as follows: Sidama 4.

Afroasiatic-speaking communities make up the majority of the population. Among these, Semitic speakers often collectively refer to themselves as the Habesha people.

The largest ethnic groups among these include the Nuer and Anuak. In addition, Ethiopia had over 75, Italian settlers during the Italian occupation of the country.

In , Ethiopia hosted a population of refugees and asylum seekers numbering approximately , The majority of this population came from Somalia approximately 64, persons , Eritrea 41, and Sudan 25, The Ethiopian government required nearly all refugees to live in refugee camps.

Languages of Ethiopia as of [update] Census [9]. According to Ethnologue , there are 90 individual languages spoken in Ethiopia.

The former includes Oromo language , spoken by the Oromo , and Somali , spoken by the Somalis ; the latter includes Amharic , spoken by the Amhara , and Tigrinya , spoken by the Tigrayans.

Together, these four groups make up about three-quarters of Ethiopia's population. Other Afroasiatic languages with a significant number of speakers include the Cushitic Sidamo , Afar , Hadiyya and Agaw languages , as well as the Semitic Gurage languages , Harari , Silt'e , and Argobba languages.

Additionally, Omotic languages are spoken by Omotic ethnic minority groups inhabiting the southern regions.

Languages from the Nilo-Saharan family are also spoken by ethnic minorities concentrated in the southwestern parts of the country. English is the most widely spoken foreign language, and is the medium of instruction in secondary schools.

Amharic was the language of primary school instruction, but has been replaced in many areas by regional languages such as Oromiffa, Somali or Tigrinya.

The various regions of Ethiopia and chartered cities are free to determine their own working languages. Somali is the official working language of Somali region and Dire Dawa , while Afar, [] Harari, [] and Tigrinya [] are recognized as official working languages in their respective regions.

Italian is still spoken by few parts of the population, mostly among older generations, and is taught in many schools most notably the Istituto Statale Italiano Omnicomprensivo di Addis Abeba.

Also, Amharic and Tigrinya have many words borrowed from the Italian language. Ethiopia's principal orthography is the Ge'ez script.

Employed as an abugida for several of the country's languages, it first came into usage in the 6th and 5th centuries BC as an abjad to transcribe the Semitic Ge'ez language.

During the s, the Ethiopic character set was computerized. Other writing systems have also been used over the years by different Ethiopian communities.

The latter include Bakri Sapalo 's script for Oromiffa. Religion in Ethiopia Ethiopia has close historical ties with all three of the world's major Abrahamic religions.

In the 4th century, the Ethiopian empire was one of the first in the world to officially adopt Christianity as the state religion. As a result of the resolutions of the Council of Chalcedon, in the miaphysites , [] which included the vast majority of Christians in Egypt and Ethiopia, were accused of monophysitism and designated as heretics under the common name of Coptic Christianity see Oriental Orthodoxy.

While no longer distinguished as a state religion, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church remains the majority Christian denomination. There is also a substantial Muslims demographic, representing around a third of the population.

Additionally, Ethiopia is the site of the First Hegira , a major emigration in Islamic history. The Falash Mura are Beta Israel who, while identifying as Jews, adopted elements of Christianity due to missionary efforts, and now practice a syncretic form of Ethiopian Judaism mixed with Christianity; they number about , people.

The Beta Abraham are regarded as a medieval offshoot of the Beta Israel, having incorporated elements of traditional African religion , and number about 8, While both still identify as Beta Israel, they exist outside the main community.

The official Beta Israel community leaders tentatively accept the Falash Mura, and have requested they be allowed to emigrate to Israel. The Beta Abraham have historically been shunned by most other communities, having a reputation of being "sorcerers".

According to the National Census, Christians make up Sunnis are largely Shafi'is or Salafis , and there are also many Sufi Muslims there.

It is by far the largest Christian denomination, although a number of P'ent'ay Protestant churches have recently gained ground. Islam in Ethiopia dates back to the founding of the religion in when a group of Muslims were counseled by Muhammad to escape persecution in Mecca.

The disciples subsequently migrated to Abyssinia via modern-day Eritrea, which was at the time ruled by Ashama ibn-Abjar , a pious Christian emperor.

According to the Population and Housing Census, around 1,, people in Ethiopia are adherents of traditional religions. An additional , residents practice other creeds.

Christians predominantly live in the northern Amhara and Tigray regions, and are largely members of the non-Chalcedonian Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church.

Muslims in Ethiopia predominantly adhere to Sunni Islam and generally inhabit eastern and northeastern areas; particularly the Somali, Afar, Dire Dawa and Harari regions.

Practitioners of traditional religions mainly reside in the nation's far southwestern and western rural borderlands, in the SNNP, Benishangul-Gumuz and Gambela regions.

Human rights groups have regularly accused the government of arresting activists, journalists and bloggers to stamp out dissent among some religious communities.

They were charged with trying to create an Islamic state in the majority Christian country. All the defendants denied the charges and claimed that they were merely protesting in defence of their rights.

There is a small, yet significant number of Jews in Ethiopia, who claim to be one of the lost tribes of Israel.

In the s, the number of Ethiopian-Jews decreased, as many started moving to Israel. The US also has a significant number of Ethiopian-Jews, with a population slightly less than that of Ethiopia.

Population growth, migration, and urbanization are all straining both governments' and ecosystems' capacity to provide people with basic services.

First, in — during the Italian occupation under Mussolini's fascist government, and from to when the populations of urban centers tripled. In , Italy annexed Ethiopia, building infrastructure to connect major cities, and a dam providing power and water.

The second period of growth was from to when rural populations migrated to urban centers seeking work and better living conditions. This pattern slowed due to the Land Reform program instituted by the government, which provided incentives for people to stay in rural areas.

As people moved from rural areas to the cities, there were fewer people to grow food for the population. The Land Reform Act was meant to increase agriculture since food production was not keeping up with population growth over the period of — This program proliferated the formation of peasant associations, large villages based on agriculture.

The act did lead to an increase in food production, although there is debate over the cause; it may be related to weather conditions more than the reform act.

Migration to urban areas is usually motivated by the hope of better lives. In peasant associations daily life is a struggle to survive. The peasant associations face a cycle of poverty.

Since the landholdings are so small, farmers cannot allow the land to lie fallow, which reduces soil fertility. These unhealthy farmers have difficulty working the land and the productivity drops further.

Although conditions are drastically better in cities, all of Ethiopia suffers from poverty and poor sanitation. Notably, government-built condominium housing complexes have sprung up throughout the city, benefiting close to , individuals.

This contributes to the spread of illness through unhealthy water. Despite the living conditions in the cities, the people of Addis Ababa are much better off than people living in the peasant associations owing to their educational opportunities.

Many NGOs Non-Governmental Organizations are working to solve this problem; however, most are far apart, uncoordinated, and working in isolation.

The World Health Organization 's World Health Report gives a figure of 1, physicians for , [] which comes to about 2.

A brain drain associated with globalization is said to affect the country, with many educated professionals leaving Ethiopia for better economic opportunities in the West.

Ethiopia's main health problems are said to be communicable contagious diseases worsened by poor sanitation and malnutrition. The state of public health is considerably better in the cities.

Birth rates , infant mortality rates , and death rates are lower in cities than in rural areas due to better access to education, medicines, and hospitals.

There are hospitals 12 in Addis Ababa and health centers in Ethiopia. The government of Ethiopia and many international organizations like World Health Organization WHO , and the United Nations, are launching campaigns and are working aggressively to improve Ethiopia's health conditions and promote health awareness on AIDS and other communicable diseases.

Ethiopia has a relatively high infant and maternal mortality rate. Although, Ethiopia did not meet the MDG target of reducing maternal mortality rate by two thirds in , there are improvements nonetheless.

For instance, the contraception prevalence rate increased from 8. Those who are expected to give birth at home have elderly women serve as midwives who assist with the delivery.

The low availability of health-care professionals with modern medical training, together with lack of funds for medical services, leads to the preponderance of less-reliable traditional healers that use home-based therapies to heal common ailments.

One common cultural practice, irrespective of religion or economic status, is female genital mutilation FGM , also known as female genital cutting FGC , a procedure that involves partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

The country has a high prevalence of FGM, but prevalence is lower among young girls. The Government of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia is signatory to various international conventions and treaties that protect the rights of women and children.

Its constitution provides for the fundamental rights and freedoms for women. There is an attempt being made to raise the social and economic status of women through eliminating all legal and customary practices, which hinder women's equal participation in society and undermine their social status.

The National Mental Health Strategy, published in , introduced the development of policy designed to improve mental health care in Ethiopia.

This strategy mandated that mental health be integrated into the primary health care system. For example, the burden of depression is estimated to have increased Education in Ethiopia was dominated by the Tewahedo Church for many centuries until secular education was adopted in the early s.

The current system follows school expansion schemes which are very similar to the system in the rural areas during the s, with an addition of deeper regionalization, providing rural education in students' own languages starting at the elementary level, and with more budget finances allocated to the education sector.

The sequence of general education in Ethiopia is six years of primary school, four years of lower secondary school and two years of higher secondary school.

Access to education in Ethiopia has improved significantly. The literacy rate has increased in recent years: according to the census, the literacy rate in Ethiopia was The same report also indicated that the female literacy rate has increased from 27 to 39 percent from to , and the male literacy rate has increased from 49 to 59 percent over the same period for persons 10 years and older.

Ethiopians have a different naming system to the family name -based Western system. Children add the given names of their father and paternal grandfather consecutively to their own given name.

For compatibility purposes, as is done in passports, the grandfather's given name is taken as a family surname , and a person's given name and their father's given name form the first names.

Everyone is addressed by their given name. Ethiopia has several local calendars. The most widely known is the Ethiopian calendar , also known as the Ge'ez calendar.

It is based on the older Alexandrian or Coptic calendar , which in turn derives from the Egyptian calendar.

Like the Coptic calendar, the Ethiopian calendar has twelve months of exactly 30 days each plus five or six epagomenal days, which comprise a thirteenth month.

The Ethiopian months begin on the same days as those of the Coptic calendar, but their names are in Ge'ez. Like the Julian calendar , the sixth epagomenal day—which in essence is a leap day —is added every four years without exception on 29 August of the Julian calendar, six months before the Julian leap day.

Also, a seven- to eight-year gap between the Ethiopian and Gregorian calendars results from an alternate calculation in determining the date of the Annunciation of Jesus.

Another calendrical system was developed around BC by the Oromo. A lunar-stellar calendar, this Oromo calendar relies on astronomical observations of the moon in conjunction with seven particular stars or constellations.

Time in Ethiopia is counted differently from most countries. The Ethiopian day is reckoned as beginning at as opposed to , coinciding with sunrise throughout the year.

To convert between the Ethiopian clock and Western clocks, one must add or subtract six hours to the Western time. For example, local Addis Ababa time is called "8 at night" in Ethiopia, while is called "2 in the evening".

The best-known Ethiopian cuisine consists of various types of thick meat stews , known as wat in Ethiopian culture, and vegetable side dishes served atop injera , a large sourdough flatbread made of teff flour.

Almost universally in Ethiopia, it is common to eat from the same dish in the center of the table with a group of people. It is also a common custom to feed others in your group with your own hands—a tradition referred to as " gursha ".

Chechebsa , marqa , chukko , michirra and dhanga are the most popular dishes from the Oromo. Kitfo , which originated among the Gurage , is one of the country's most popular delicacies.

Tihlo is now very popular in Amhara and spreading further south. Other television stations in the country include Kana TV.

The sole internet service provider is the national telecommunications firm Ethio Telecom. A large portion of users in the country access the internet through mobile devices.

In August , following protest and demonstration in the Oromia Region, all access to the internet was shut down for a period of two days.

Although the reason for the restriction was not confirmed by the government, [] the move was similar to a measure taken during the same period in , after a leak of test questions.

The music of Ethiopia is extremely diverse, with each of the country's 80 ethnic groups being associated with unique sounds.

Ethiopian music uses a distinct modal system that is pentatonic , with characteristically long intervals between some notes.

As with many other aspects of Ethiopian culture and tradition, tastes in music and lyrics are strongly linked with those in neighboring Eritrea, Somalia, Djibouti, and Sudan.

Traditionally, lyricism in Ethiopian song writing is strongly associated with views of patriotism or national pride, romance, friendship, and a most unique type of memoire known as 'Tizita'.

The main sports in Ethiopia are track and field particularly long distance running and football. Ethiopian athletes have won many Olympic gold medals in track and field, most of them in long distance running.

Haile Gebrselassie is a world-renowned long distance runner with several world records under his belt.

Kenenisa Bekele and Tirunesh Dibaba are also dominant runners, particularly in the 5, and 10, meters in which they hold the world records.

As of [update] and going into , the current national Ethiopian national football team nicknamed the Walayia Antelopes made history by qualifying for the Africa Cup of Nations and reached the last 10 African football teams in the last stage of qualification for the FIFA World Cup.

Noted players include captain Adane Girma and top scorer Saladin Said. Ethiopia has sub-Saharan Africa's longest basketball tradition as it established a national basketball team in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Ethiopia disambiguation and Ethiopian disambiguation. Country in East Africa. This article contains several patronymic names rather than family names.

These persons are addressed by their given name , and not by their inherited name. Name in national languages. Regional languages [1]. English [3].

List of religions. Main article: History of Ethiopia. Further information: Ethiopian historiography. Main articles: Zagwe dynasty and Ethiopian Empire.

Main articles: Sultanate of Aussa and Mudaito Dynasty. Main article: Zemene Mesafint. See also: Eritrean independence referendum, Main article: Politics of Ethiopia.

Main article: Government of Ethiopia. Main article: Human rights in Ethiopia. Main article: Ethiopian National Defense Force. Main article: Geography of Ethiopia.

See also: Environmental issues in Ethiopia. Main article: Wildlife of Ethiopia. Main article: Deforestation in Ethiopia. Main article: Beautifying Sheger.

Main article: Economy of Ethiopia. See also: Foreign aid to Ethiopia. See also: Energy in Ethiopia and List of power stations in Ethiopia.

Main article: Coffee production in Ethiopia. Main article: Transport in Ethiopia. Main article: Demographics of Ethiopia. See also: People of Ethiopia and List of ethnic groups in Ethiopia.

Ethnic groups in Ethiopia Ethnic group Population Oromo. Main article: Languages of Ethiopia. Amharic Somali 6. Tigrinya 5. Sidamo 4. Wolaytta 2.

Gurage 2. Afar 1. Hadiyya 1. Gamo-Gofa-Dawro 1. Main article: Religion in Ethiopia. Islam Traditional faiths 2. Catholicism 0. Judaism 0. Main article: Beta Israel.

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: List of cities and towns in Ethiopia.

Main article: Health in Ethiopia. Further information: Child marriage in Ethiopia and Polygamy in Ethiopia. Main article: Education in Ethiopia.

Main article: Culture of Ethiopia. Main article: Naming conventions in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Main articles: Ethiopian calendar and Oromo calendar.

Main article: Ethiopian cuisine. See also: List of Ethiopian dishes and foods. Main articles: Communications in Ethiopia and Media in Ethiopia.

Main article: Music of Ethiopia. Main article: Sport in Ethiopia. Africa portal. Ethiopian Constitution.

Retrieved 2 July Archived from the original on 1 August Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 2 February Retrieved 9 November Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 18 January International Monetary Fund.

Retrieved 8 December Work for human development PDF. Human Development Report. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 10 December The World Factbook.

Retrieved 11 June Bibcode : Sci Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on 29 June Retrieved 16 March Los Angeles Times.

Star Tribune. Archived from the original on 3 June Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.

Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May Encyclopedia of African history and culture: African kingdoms to , Volume 2. Facts on File. Erlich ed. Judith Baskin ed.

New York: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 2 June International Monetary Fund 14 September Retrieved on 3 March World Bank. Retrieved 17 December A Greek-English Lexicon.

NYU Press. Rock View International. Retrieved 9 August Longmans, Green, and Co. Retrieved 28 September Retrieved 2 March Crown Publishing Group.

Retrieved 23 March February Bibcode : Natur. Retrieved 5 July July Journal of Human Evolution. Science Submitted manuscript. I have felt the difficulties that you know.

I have lived with your anguish and despair, facing the injustice of life. I have felt the same desire as you. I am so clever that sometimes I don't understand a single word of what I am saying.

I have feelings too. I am still human. All I want is to be loved, for myself and for my talent. I am Hard hearing if everyone interseting.

Stop right there! DoULike has a large list of singles in Ethiopia where you will definitely find your soulmate! We have thousands of Ethiopia personals with various interests and preferences in your Ethiopia.

Who has access to your information? Currently we do not Sell or Rent any Personal Information to third parties. We don't have any plans to do this currently but reserve to right to potentially pursue this path in the future.

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“Yedne, seine Familie und das Personal sind sehr freundlich und sehr gastfreundlich. Das Haus ist wunderschön und wir hatten einen sehr angenehmen. Many translated example sentences containing "Ethiopia" – German-English dictionary and links between Austria and Ethiopia, and the personal stories [ ]. "Excellent end to my Ethiopia " Under the California Consumer Privacy Act (“​CCPA”), a “sale” of personal information may occur when personal information is​. der Altenpflege;; Grenzarbeiter;; Personal zum Transport von Gütern YeMez Building, Behind Zequala Building, Addis Ababa Ethiopia. Entrepreneurship + in Ethiopia. Die Recherchen und Auswertungen der wissenschaftlichen Forschungsarbeit unserer Partnerorganisation.

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Who are we? Box Richmond Victoria Australia Further information. How do we collect information from you? The main way we obtain information about you is when you Register or Update your Profile.

What type of information is collected from you? How is your information used? To display your profile, show your account in search results, top banner, email matches etc.

Who has access to your information? There is also a substantial Muslims demographic, representing around a third of the population.

Additionally, Ethiopia is the site of the First Hegira , a major emigration in Islamic history. The Falash Mura are Beta Israel who, while identifying as Jews, adopted elements of Christianity due to missionary efforts, and now practice a syncretic form of Ethiopian Judaism mixed with Christianity; they number about , people.

The Beta Abraham are regarded as a medieval offshoot of the Beta Israel, having incorporated elements of traditional African religion , and number about 8, While both still identify as Beta Israel, they exist outside the main community.

The official Beta Israel community leaders tentatively accept the Falash Mura, and have requested they be allowed to emigrate to Israel. The Beta Abraham have historically been shunned by most other communities, having a reputation of being "sorcerers".

According to the National Census, Christians make up Sunnis are largely Shafi'is or Salafis , and there are also many Sufi Muslims there. It is by far the largest Christian denomination, although a number of P'ent'ay Protestant churches have recently gained ground.

Islam in Ethiopia dates back to the founding of the religion in when a group of Muslims were counseled by Muhammad to escape persecution in Mecca.

The disciples subsequently migrated to Abyssinia via modern-day Eritrea, which was at the time ruled by Ashama ibn-Abjar , a pious Christian emperor.

According to the Population and Housing Census, around 1,, people in Ethiopia are adherents of traditional religions.

An additional , residents practice other creeds. Christians predominantly live in the northern Amhara and Tigray regions, and are largely members of the non-Chalcedonian Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church.

Muslims in Ethiopia predominantly adhere to Sunni Islam and generally inhabit eastern and northeastern areas; particularly the Somali, Afar, Dire Dawa and Harari regions.

Practitioners of traditional religions mainly reside in the nation's far southwestern and western rural borderlands, in the SNNP, Benishangul-Gumuz and Gambela regions.

Human rights groups have regularly accused the government of arresting activists, journalists and bloggers to stamp out dissent among some religious communities.

They were charged with trying to create an Islamic state in the majority Christian country. All the defendants denied the charges and claimed that they were merely protesting in defence of their rights.

There is a small, yet significant number of Jews in Ethiopia, who claim to be one of the lost tribes of Israel. In the s, the number of Ethiopian-Jews decreased, as many started moving to Israel.

The US also has a significant number of Ethiopian-Jews, with a population slightly less than that of Ethiopia. Population growth, migration, and urbanization are all straining both governments' and ecosystems' capacity to provide people with basic services.

First, in — during the Italian occupation under Mussolini's fascist government, and from to when the populations of urban centers tripled.

In , Italy annexed Ethiopia, building infrastructure to connect major cities, and a dam providing power and water.

The second period of growth was from to when rural populations migrated to urban centers seeking work and better living conditions.

This pattern slowed due to the Land Reform program instituted by the government, which provided incentives for people to stay in rural areas.

As people moved from rural areas to the cities, there were fewer people to grow food for the population. The Land Reform Act was meant to increase agriculture since food production was not keeping up with population growth over the period of — This program proliferated the formation of peasant associations, large villages based on agriculture.

The act did lead to an increase in food production, although there is debate over the cause; it may be related to weather conditions more than the reform act.

Migration to urban areas is usually motivated by the hope of better lives. In peasant associations daily life is a struggle to survive.

The peasant associations face a cycle of poverty. Since the landholdings are so small, farmers cannot allow the land to lie fallow, which reduces soil fertility.

These unhealthy farmers have difficulty working the land and the productivity drops further. Although conditions are drastically better in cities, all of Ethiopia suffers from poverty and poor sanitation.

Notably, government-built condominium housing complexes have sprung up throughout the city, benefiting close to , individuals. This contributes to the spread of illness through unhealthy water.

Despite the living conditions in the cities, the people of Addis Ababa are much better off than people living in the peasant associations owing to their educational opportunities.

Many NGOs Non-Governmental Organizations are working to solve this problem; however, most are far apart, uncoordinated, and working in isolation.

The World Health Organization 's World Health Report gives a figure of 1, physicians for , [] which comes to about 2.

A brain drain associated with globalization is said to affect the country, with many educated professionals leaving Ethiopia for better economic opportunities in the West.

Ethiopia's main health problems are said to be communicable contagious diseases worsened by poor sanitation and malnutrition. The state of public health is considerably better in the cities.

Birth rates , infant mortality rates , and death rates are lower in cities than in rural areas due to better access to education, medicines, and hospitals.

There are hospitals 12 in Addis Ababa and health centers in Ethiopia. The government of Ethiopia and many international organizations like World Health Organization WHO , and the United Nations, are launching campaigns and are working aggressively to improve Ethiopia's health conditions and promote health awareness on AIDS and other communicable diseases.

Ethiopia has a relatively high infant and maternal mortality rate. Although, Ethiopia did not meet the MDG target of reducing maternal mortality rate by two thirds in , there are improvements nonetheless.

For instance, the contraception prevalence rate increased from 8. Those who are expected to give birth at home have elderly women serve as midwives who assist with the delivery.

The low availability of health-care professionals with modern medical training, together with lack of funds for medical services, leads to the preponderance of less-reliable traditional healers that use home-based therapies to heal common ailments.

One common cultural practice, irrespective of religion or economic status, is female genital mutilation FGM , also known as female genital cutting FGC , a procedure that involves partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

The country has a high prevalence of FGM, but prevalence is lower among young girls. The Government of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia is signatory to various international conventions and treaties that protect the rights of women and children.

Its constitution provides for the fundamental rights and freedoms for women. There is an attempt being made to raise the social and economic status of women through eliminating all legal and customary practices, which hinder women's equal participation in society and undermine their social status.

The National Mental Health Strategy, published in , introduced the development of policy designed to improve mental health care in Ethiopia.

This strategy mandated that mental health be integrated into the primary health care system. For example, the burden of depression is estimated to have increased Education in Ethiopia was dominated by the Tewahedo Church for many centuries until secular education was adopted in the early s.

The current system follows school expansion schemes which are very similar to the system in the rural areas during the s, with an addition of deeper regionalization, providing rural education in students' own languages starting at the elementary level, and with more budget finances allocated to the education sector.

The sequence of general education in Ethiopia is six years of primary school, four years of lower secondary school and two years of higher secondary school.

Access to education in Ethiopia has improved significantly. The literacy rate has increased in recent years: according to the census, the literacy rate in Ethiopia was The same report also indicated that the female literacy rate has increased from 27 to 39 percent from to , and the male literacy rate has increased from 49 to 59 percent over the same period for persons 10 years and older.

Ethiopians have a different naming system to the family name -based Western system. Children add the given names of their father and paternal grandfather consecutively to their own given name.

For compatibility purposes, as is done in passports, the grandfather's given name is taken as a family surname , and a person's given name and their father's given name form the first names.

Everyone is addressed by their given name. Ethiopia has several local calendars. The most widely known is the Ethiopian calendar , also known as the Ge'ez calendar.

It is based on the older Alexandrian or Coptic calendar , which in turn derives from the Egyptian calendar. Like the Coptic calendar, the Ethiopian calendar has twelve months of exactly 30 days each plus five or six epagomenal days, which comprise a thirteenth month.

The Ethiopian months begin on the same days as those of the Coptic calendar, but their names are in Ge'ez.

Like the Julian calendar , the sixth epagomenal day—which in essence is a leap day —is added every four years without exception on 29 August of the Julian calendar, six months before the Julian leap day.

Also, a seven- to eight-year gap between the Ethiopian and Gregorian calendars results from an alternate calculation in determining the date of the Annunciation of Jesus.

Another calendrical system was developed around BC by the Oromo. A lunar-stellar calendar, this Oromo calendar relies on astronomical observations of the moon in conjunction with seven particular stars or constellations.

Time in Ethiopia is counted differently from most countries. The Ethiopian day is reckoned as beginning at as opposed to , coinciding with sunrise throughout the year.

To convert between the Ethiopian clock and Western clocks, one must add or subtract six hours to the Western time.

For example, local Addis Ababa time is called "8 at night" in Ethiopia, while is called "2 in the evening". The best-known Ethiopian cuisine consists of various types of thick meat stews , known as wat in Ethiopian culture, and vegetable side dishes served atop injera , a large sourdough flatbread made of teff flour.

Almost universally in Ethiopia, it is common to eat from the same dish in the center of the table with a group of people. It is also a common custom to feed others in your group with your own hands—a tradition referred to as " gursha ".

Chechebsa , marqa , chukko , michirra and dhanga are the most popular dishes from the Oromo. Kitfo , which originated among the Gurage , is one of the country's most popular delicacies.

Tihlo is now very popular in Amhara and spreading further south. Other television stations in the country include Kana TV.

The sole internet service provider is the national telecommunications firm Ethio Telecom. A large portion of users in the country access the internet through mobile devices.

In August , following protest and demonstration in the Oromia Region, all access to the internet was shut down for a period of two days.

Although the reason for the restriction was not confirmed by the government, [] the move was similar to a measure taken during the same period in , after a leak of test questions.

The music of Ethiopia is extremely diverse, with each of the country's 80 ethnic groups being associated with unique sounds.

Ethiopian music uses a distinct modal system that is pentatonic , with characteristically long intervals between some notes.

As with many other aspects of Ethiopian culture and tradition, tastes in music and lyrics are strongly linked with those in neighboring Eritrea, Somalia, Djibouti, and Sudan.

Traditionally, lyricism in Ethiopian song writing is strongly associated with views of patriotism or national pride, romance, friendship, and a most unique type of memoire known as 'Tizita'.

The main sports in Ethiopia are track and field particularly long distance running and football. Ethiopian athletes have won many Olympic gold medals in track and field, most of them in long distance running.

Haile Gebrselassie is a world-renowned long distance runner with several world records under his belt. Kenenisa Bekele and Tirunesh Dibaba are also dominant runners, particularly in the 5, and 10, meters in which they hold the world records.

As of [update] and going into , the current national Ethiopian national football team nicknamed the Walayia Antelopes made history by qualifying for the Africa Cup of Nations and reached the last 10 African football teams in the last stage of qualification for the FIFA World Cup.

Noted players include captain Adane Girma and top scorer Saladin Said. Ethiopia has sub-Saharan Africa's longest basketball tradition as it established a national basketball team in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Ethiopia disambiguation and Ethiopian disambiguation. Country in East Africa. This article contains several patronymic names rather than family names.

These persons are addressed by their given name , and not by their inherited name. Name in national languages.

Regional languages [1]. English [3]. List of religions. Main article: History of Ethiopia. Further information: Ethiopian historiography.

Main articles: Zagwe dynasty and Ethiopian Empire. Main articles: Sultanate of Aussa and Mudaito Dynasty. Main article: Zemene Mesafint.

See also: Eritrean independence referendum, Main article: Politics of Ethiopia. Main article: Government of Ethiopia.

Main article: Human rights in Ethiopia. Main article: Ethiopian National Defense Force. Main article: Geography of Ethiopia. See also: Environmental issues in Ethiopia.

Main article: Wildlife of Ethiopia. Main article: Deforestation in Ethiopia. Main article: Beautifying Sheger. Main article: Economy of Ethiopia.

See also: Foreign aid to Ethiopia. See also: Energy in Ethiopia and List of power stations in Ethiopia.

Main article: Coffee production in Ethiopia. Main article: Transport in Ethiopia. Main article: Demographics of Ethiopia. See also: People of Ethiopia and List of ethnic groups in Ethiopia.

Ethnic groups in Ethiopia Ethnic group Population Oromo. Main article: Languages of Ethiopia. Amharic Somali 6. Tigrinya 5.

Sidamo 4. Wolaytta 2. Gurage 2. Afar 1. Hadiyya 1. Gamo-Gofa-Dawro 1. Main article: Religion in Ethiopia. Islam Traditional faiths 2.

Catholicism 0. Judaism 0. Main article: Beta Israel. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Main article: List of cities and towns in Ethiopia. Main article: Health in Ethiopia. Further information: Child marriage in Ethiopia and Polygamy in Ethiopia.

Main article: Education in Ethiopia. Main article: Culture of Ethiopia. Main article: Naming conventions in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Main articles: Ethiopian calendar and Oromo calendar.

Main article: Ethiopian cuisine. See also: List of Ethiopian dishes and foods. Main articles: Communications in Ethiopia and Media in Ethiopia.

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The label inside the luxuriously soft black leather handbag reads Taytu: Made In Ethiopia. But the embroidered print on the outside, the chunky bronze rings attached to the fashionably short straps and the oversized "it" bag status all scream designer chic.

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